• How is PVC measured?



     PVC Pipe Measurements - Explained

     

    pipe-dimenions-diagram

     

    How is PVC pipe measured? The basic sizes of PVC pipe are in inches and schedule - but those sizes don't tell you the exact measurement of a piece of pipe. For that you will need to consult the seller or manufacturer for a few bits of information. There are three common measurements used to describe PVC pipe. They are: Inner Diameter (I.D.), Outer Diameter (O.D.). and Wall Thickness. From these measurements you should be able to tell if a piece of pipe will fit into or over anything you need. View the diagram above for details on what exactly each of these measurements covers. You will see them demonstrated in both a side view and a straight on view of a piece of pipe.

     



  • Furniture Grade PVC



    pvc-furnitureWhat is furniture grade PVC?

    PVC pipe was designed in the 1920’s to be lighter, cheaper, and easier to use than old style metal and cement piping. Builders and plumbers loved how quickly they could install it, and how well the pipe held up over time. Over the years PVC has become a household name, and today pipe and fittings can be found in most hardware stores around the US.

    Realizing PVC’s low cost, accessibility, and favorable building qualities, many people began to experiment with it. Search the internet and you’ll find hundreds of ideas for things you can create from PVC pipe and fittings. They range from dog agility equipment to home décor, to full outdoor furniture sets. As this sort of PVC use became more and more popular, there arose a need for specialty parts that didn’t exist for plumbing use. Several manufacturers began making PVC pipe and fittings for a whole new purpose – building custom structures, contraptions, and furniture. These special parts and any PVC parts created for similar purposes are referred to as furniture grade PVC. Continue reading



  • Should I Use PVC or CPVC Pipe?



    pvc-vs-cpvcPVC or CPVC - That is the Question

    From the outside, PVC and CPVC appear to be very similar. They both are strong and rigid forms of pipe, and they can be found in the same pipe and fitting sizes. The only real visible difference may be in their color – PVC is generally white while CPVC comes in a cream color.

    The biggest difference between the two types of pipe is not visible from the outside at all, but exists on the molecular level. CPVC stands for Chlorinated Polyvinyl Chloride. It is this chlorination process that changes the chemical makeup and properties of the plastic.

    If you’re wondering which material to use, there are two important factors that should help you decide. The first is temperature. PVC pipe can handle max operating temperatures of up to about 140 degrees Fahrenheit. CPVC on the other hand, is more resistant to high temperatures due to its chemical makeup and can handle operating temperatures of up to 200 degrees Fahrenheit.  Why not use CPVC for everything then? Well, that brings us to the second factor – cost.

    CPVC is a more expensive product so it is usually the chosen material for hot water applications, while PVC is used for cold water applications like irrigation and drainage. So, if you’re stuck between PVC and CPVC on your next project, remember to take into account two factors: temperature, and cost.



  • What's the Difference Between Schedule 40 and Schedule 80 PVC?



    Schedule 80 (Gray) and Schedule 40 (White) PVC

    Schedule 40 vs Schedule 80 PVC

    Wall Thickness

    There are two common types of PVC pipe – schedule 40 PVC and schedule 80 PVC. Schedule 40 PVC is usually white in color and schedule 80 is usually a dark gray (they can also be found in other colors). Their most important difference, though, is in their design. Schedule 80 pipe is designed with a thicker wall. This means the pipe is thicker and stronger, and as a result it can handle higher pressures.

    You are probably most familiar with schedule 40 PVC pipe. It’s the white pipe you see used for drainage around buildings, and it can be found in local hardware stores. This pipe is best suited for drainage, irrigation, and other cold water systems. Schedule 40 PVC pipe is strong, rigid, and can handle pressure applications.

    For jobs that require a higher pressurization though, schedule 80 pipe is better suited. Most PVC pipe and fittings have a maximum pressure rating listed so you know what it can handle. Typically this is listed in pounds per square inch or PSI.

    The amount of pressure a pipe is rated for varies based on size, but a 4” schedule 80 PVC pipe for instance is rated at 320 PSI while a schedule 40 PVC pipe of the same size is only rated at 220 PSI. You can find schedule 80 pipe used most often in heavy duty commercial and industrial applications.

    Pipe manufacturers usually make it gray just to differentiate it from standard schedule 40 PVC (though you should always check the manufacturer markings on the pipe to be sure).

    Inside Diameter of Schedule 40 vs Schedule 80

    If the pipe were the same color, it would be difficult to tell the difference from the outside. In fact, both schedule 40 and schedule 80 PVC pipe have the same outside diameters. So a 1" size sch 40 PVC pipe has the same O.D. as a 1" sch 80 PVC pipe.

    The difference is in the inside diameter or I.D. of the pipe. Schedule 80 PVC pipe will have a smaller inside area than Schedule 40 pipe because of its thicker wall. For that reason, flow is more restricted in Schedule 80 pipe vs Schedule 40 of the same size. The same is true of PVC fittings in both schedules.

    Weight & Price

    Two other factors that may play into which schedule PVC you choose are weight and price. Since schedule 80 PVC has a thicker wall, it is heavier than comparable schedule 40 pipe and fittings. That generally makes it more pricey to ship and more difficult to handle when installing large size pipe and fittings. Schedule 80 PVC is also more expensive than schedule 40 because it requires  more PVC material and has to withstand higher pressures.

    Other Schedules & Materials

    PVC is most commonly found in schedule 40 and 80, but schedule 120 PVC pipe exists also. This is an even thinner wall pipe than schedule 40. These schedules are applied to other materials, too. For instance you can buy schedule 40 and 80 CPVC pipe and fittings. Most manufacturers use different colors like light gray to differentiate this material from PVC. Aside from plastic pipes, schedule is also used to describe metal piping like steel.

    Which to Use - PVC or CPVC?

    So, if you’re planning to run a high pressure or industrial pipe line, schedule 80 PVC may be a good choice for your project. If not, schedule 40 PVC is more than enough for many pressurized and non-pressurized jobs. Schedule 40 PVC is also relatively inexpensive which makes it great for non-plumbing applications like a PVC pool chair or science project.

    Don't forget your fittings come in both schedules also! That means all the tees, elbows and couplings come in both schedule 40 and schedule 80 options. Though schedule 40 and 80 fittings will fit on pipe of either schedule, we recommend you use schedule 40 fittings with schedule 40 pipe and vice versa. A pipeline is only as strong as its weakest link - the part or pipe with the lowest pressure rating.
    Buy Schedule 40 PVC Parts OnlineBuy Schedule 80 PVC Parts Online



  • Resource Center Kick Off!



    Our resource center is finally here! Visit back frequently as we begin to add a wide range of resources specific to PVC, plumbing and industrial supplies!

    PVCFittingsOnline.com



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